How to Hire Remote Employees In 

Slovakia

The Basics

Currency
Euro (EUR)
Employer Taxes
30.45%
Payroll Frequency
Monthly
Official Language
Slovak

Employment in 

Slovakia

Hire Independent Contractors

Independent contractors or freelancers are self-employed individuals who provide services to companies as a non-employee. This is one of the most common ways companies tend to hire non-local designers, engineers, support reps, etc.

For legal and tax purposes, independent contractors are not classified as employees. They may work for multiple clients, set their own work hours, negotiate their pay rate, and decide how a job gets done.

For example, the IRS says that if an independent contractor or freelancer does work that can be controlled (what will be done and how it will be done) by an employer then they are, in fact, classified as an employee.

As you can imagine, hiring someone as an independent contractor versus an employee is a fine line to tread.

While there are benefits when you choose the contractor route, there are quite a few drawbacks to consider and you’ll need to weigh them carefully to determine the best fit for your company.

Benefits of Hiring Independent Contractors
Reduced overhead: Lower cost in expenses, payroll, benefits, and more.
Greater flexibility: Contractors can be brought on as-needed. If not a good fit, you simply don’t have to move forward with the contract.
Reduced legal risk: Contractors aren’t usually protected by employment anti-discrimination and workplace safety laws.
Disadvantages of Hiring Independent Contractors
Risk of Misclassification: Not only does this deny workers their proper protections, it can also result in steep penalties and damage to your company. If the IRS determines that employee misclassification has occurred, you will be liable for a percentage of the employees wages, FICA contributions, penalty fines, unpaid taxes, up to a year in prison, and more.
Lack of Control: Contractors are drawn to being independent because it gives them greater control over the work they perform and who they work with. Because they’re not employees, you can’t tell them what to work on and how it should be done.
Lack of Loyalty: Contractors come and go as-needed. Many companies hire contractors for short-term work, which makes it difficult to cultivate loyalty.
Increased Scrutiny: Using Independent Contractors typically leads to an increased risk of being audited.

Set up a subsidiary in 

Slovakia

A foreign subsidiary is a company that operates overseas as part of a larger company who’s HQ is in another country.

Establishing a foreign entity is great for having an international presence and accessing new markets. Though, setting up a subsidiary in Slovakia can be expensive, stressful, and time-consuming. It's not for the faint of heart.

To set up a subsidiary in Slovakia, you have to:

  1. Register your business name and file articles of incorporation
  2. File for local bank accounts
  3. Learn and keep track of the local employment laws
  4. Set up local payroll
  5. Hire local accounting, legal, and HR people

If you're lucky, this process can take months. If you're not so lucky, it can take up to a year. And on average, it costs about $50k-$80k, all-in-all, to get setup. And that's just for Slovakia.

Use an Employer-of-Record (EOR)

An employer-of-record (EOR) is a company that hires and pays an employee on behalf of another company.

An EOR is typically used to overcome the financial and regulatory hurdles that often come with employing remote workers.

Each country has its own payroll, employment, and work permit requirements for non-resident companies doing business in their jurisdiction. Meeting those demands can be a huge obstacle when it comes to hiring remotely.

At Panther, we help companies employ and pay people in over 160 countries, without having to set up a foreign subsidiary. Payroll, benefits, taxes, compliance, and more are all handled by us, at a fraction of the cost.

Outside of saving you months and tens of thousands of dollars, other advantages of using Panther are:

  • Ability to attract talented and motivated employees from all over the world.
  • Full legal compliance: There is no risk of violating local employment laws.
  • Transparency: Employees are still your employees. All the work, processes, operations and day-to-day business belong to you, the company, just like with any other employee. Panther just takes on all of the responsibilities, obligations and admin work related to your team's employment.
  • No risk of misclassification

Because you no longer have to set up your own subsidiary, you’ll save a ton of time and tens of thousands of dollars using Panther.

Paying Remote Employees

Paying employees in Slovakia is not the same as paying workers in your own country. Employees have to be paid using Slovakia's employment and payroll standards.

This means that you have to know, understand, and keep up with 1) fluctuating currency changes, and 2) local payroll and tax laws in the countries you’re looking to hire in.

Outside of the laws and regulations around payroll, there may be different conditions surrounding leave, overtime, termination, and more. As you can imagine, maintaining this kind of regulatory knowledge can be challenging. But it is crucial and necessary to follow local legislation.

After, you’ll have to determine the best way to pay your international employees. This can be done in a number of ways, including but not limited to:

Pay through a local entity

One of the most challenging (and expensive) parts of paying international employees is setting up the infrastructure to do so.

Before you start to run payroll, you have to register your company as the local employer in the country the worker resides in. As you can see in the “Set up a subsidiary” section, this is a multi-step process that can take up to a year and put you on your way to bankruptcy.

Work with an EOR

Outside of EORs acting as the full admin employer, many also provide remote payroll.

For example, at Panther, in just 1-click, you’re able to pay your entire global team, anywhere in the world. We send you an invoice each month, charge you in US Dollars, and pay your employees the same amount in their local currency.

We factor in currency fluctuations and use the mid-market rate plus any applicable fee passed on by our provider at cost at the time of billing.

Slovakia

 Specific Information

Working Hours

A standard workweek is 40 hours, at 8 hours per day.


Overtime

  • Overtime pay for hours over 40 a week is 125% of regular salary.
  • Pay for working on Saturday is 150% of regular salary.
  • Pay for working on Sunday is 200% of regular salary.
  • Pay for working at night is 140% of regular salary.

Payroll Tax

Employer

  • Health Insurance
  • Sickness Insurance
  • Pensions
  • Unemployment Insurance
  • Guarantee Insurance
  • Accident Insurance

Up to 37,163.36 EUR: 19%

37,163.37 EUR and above: 25%

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage is 623 Euros per month.

Payroll

Pay Cycle

The payroll cycle is monthly.

13th Salary

There is no statutory obligation but it is the common practice to give 13th and 14th salaries. 

Leave

Paid Time Off (PTO)

  • Employees that worked for less than 60 days are entitled to 1/12 of the yearly entitlement per 21 working days.
  • Employees that worked more than 60 days entitled to prorated 4 weeks of vacation per year.

Public Holidays

There are 15 public holidays in Slovakia.

Sick Days

The first 10 days are paid by the employer.

  • Days 1-3 are paid at a rate of 25% of daily salary.
  • Days 4-10 are paid at a rate of 55% of daily salary.

Maternity Leave

Mothers are entitled to 34 weeks of maternity leave.

Mothers of twins are entitled to 43 weeks of maternity leave.

Single mothers are entitled to 37 weeks of maternity leave.

The leave is paid by the Social security agency at a rate of 75%  of daily salary up to a maximum of 66,6083.

Paternity Leave

Fathers are entitled to 28 weeks of paternity leave, starting 6 weeks after the mother gives birth, but only if the mother is not receiving maternity benefits. Single fathers are entitled to 31 weeks of paternity leave. The leave is paid by the Social security agency. 

Parental Leave

Parental leave can be used by a parent or guardian until the child reaches the age of 3 years old or until the child reached the age of 6 years old in case of a child having a long term adverse health condition.

The amount of the parental allowance is 270 EUR per month or 370 EUR per month (if the parent previously received a maternity benefit in the EU/EEA states). It is paid by the Central Office of Labour Social Affairs and family

Other Leave

None.

Termination

Termination Process

The employment contract in Slovakia can be terminated in writing by both parties as follows:

  • mutual agreement
  • immediate termination – in extreme circumstances the employer must terminate the employment within two months since becoming aware of the grounds for the immediate termination, and at the latest within one year of the day on which those grounds arose.
  • termination in the probationary period by either side can terminate the employment during the probationary period without providing any reason for termination by a written notice that must be given and delivered to the other party at least 3 days before the day of stipulated termination.

Notice Period

The general length of the notice period for a Slovak labor contract is:

  • is 1 month (unless longer notice period is stipulated by the Labour Code)
  • if the employee was employed for at least 1 year but less than 5 years – 2 months
  • if the employee was employed for at least 5 years – 3 months

When employees resign they need to give the following notice:

1 month – if the employee had worked 1 year or less

2 months – if the employee had worked 2 years or more.

Severance Pay

Severance pay depends on the length of employment and type of termination. When employment is terminated with notice, the minimum amount of severance pay is one to four times the employee’s average monthly earnings, depending on the years of service (2 to 20 years).

Probation Period

The probation period is limited to 3 months for operational roles or 6 months for management roles.