How to Hire Remote Employees In 

Ivory Coast

The Basics

Currency
West African CFA Franc
Employer Taxes
18.45%
Payroll Frequency
Monthly
Official Language
French

Employment in 

Ivory Coast

Hire Independent Contractors

Independent contractors or freelancers are self-employed individuals who provide services to companies as a non-employee. This is one of the most common ways companies tend to hire non-local designers, engineers, support reps, etc.

For legal and tax purposes, independent contractors are not classified as employees. They may work for multiple clients, set their own work hours, negotiate their pay rate, and decide how a job gets done.

For example, the IRS says that if an independent contractor or freelancer does work that can be controlled (what will be done and how it will be done) by an employer then they are, in fact, classified as an employee.

As you can imagine, hiring someone as an independent contractor versus an employee is a fine line to tread.

While there are benefits when you choose the contractor route, there are quite a few drawbacks to consider and you’ll need to weigh them carefully to determine the best fit for your company.

Benefits of Hiring Independent Contractors
Reduced overhead: Lower cost in expenses, payroll, benefits, and more.
Greater flexibility: Contractors can be brought on as-needed. If not a good fit, you simply don’t have to move forward with the contract.
Reduced legal risk: Contractors aren’t usually protected by employment anti-discrimination and workplace safety laws.
Disadvantages of Hiring Independent Contractors
Risk of Misclassification: Not only does this deny workers their proper protections, it can also result in steep penalties and damage to your company. If the IRS determines that employee misclassification has occurred, you will be liable for a percentage of the employees wages, FICA contributions, penalty fines, unpaid taxes, up to a year in prison, and more.
Lack of Control: Contractors are drawn to being independent because it gives them greater control over the work they perform and who they work with. Because they’re not employees, you can’t tell them what to work on and how it should be done.
Lack of Loyalty: Contractors come and go as-needed. Many companies hire contractors for short-term work, which makes it difficult to cultivate loyalty.
Increased Scrutiny: Using Independent Contractors typically leads to an increased risk of being audited.

Set up a subsidiary in 

Ivory Coast

A foreign subsidiary is a company that operates overseas as part of a larger company who’s HQ is in another country.

Establishing a foreign entity is great for having an international presence and accessing new markets. Though, setting up a subsidiary in Ivory Coast can be expensive, stressful, and time-consuming. It's not for the faint of heart.

To set up a subsidiary in Ivory Coast, you have to:

  1. Register your business name and file articles of incorporation
  2. File for local bank accounts
  3. Learn and keep track of the local employment laws
  4. Set up local payroll
  5. Hire local accounting, legal, and HR people

If you're lucky, this process can take months. If you're not so lucky, it can take up to a year. And on average, it costs about $50k-$80k, all-in-all, to get setup. And that's just for Ivory Coast.

Use an Employer-of-Record (EOR)

An employer-of-record (EOR) is a company that hires and pays an employee on behalf of another company.

An EOR is typically used to overcome the financial and regulatory hurdles that often come with employing remote workers.

Each country has its own payroll, employment, and work permit requirements for non-resident companies doing business in their jurisdiction. Meeting those demands can be a huge obstacle when it comes to hiring remotely.

At Panther, we help companies employ and pay people in over 160 countries, without having to set up a foreign subsidiary. Payroll, benefits, taxes, compliance, and more are all handled by us, at a fraction of the cost.

Outside of saving you months and tens of thousands of dollars, other advantages of using Panther are:

  • Ability to attract talented and motivated employees from all over the world.
  • Full legal compliance: There is no risk of violating local employment laws.
  • Transparency: Employees are still your employees. All the work, processes, operations and day-to-day business belong to you, the company, just like with any other employee. Panther just takes on all of the responsibilities, obligations and admin work related to your team's employment.
  • No risk of misclassification

Because you no longer have to set up your own subsidiary, you’ll save a ton of time and tens of thousands of dollars using Panther.

Paying Remote Employees

Paying employees in Ivory Coast is not the same as paying workers in your own country. Employees have to be paid using Ivory Coast's employment and payroll standards.

This means that you have to know, understand, and keep up with 1) fluctuating currency changes, and 2) local payroll and tax laws in the countries you’re looking to hire in.

Outside of the laws and regulations around payroll, there may be different conditions surrounding leave, overtime, termination, and more. As you can imagine, maintaining this kind of regulatory knowledge can be challenging. But it is crucial and necessary to follow local legislation.

After, you’ll have to determine the best way to pay your international employees. This can be done in a number of ways, including but not limited to:

Pay through a local entity

One of the most challenging (and expensive) parts of paying international employees is setting up the infrastructure to do so.

Before you start to run payroll, you have to register your company as the local employer in the country the worker resides in. As you can see in the “Set up a subsidiary” section, this is a multi-step process that can take up to a year and put you on your way to bankruptcy.

Work with an EOR

Outside of EORs acting as the full admin employer, many also provide remote payroll.

For example, at Panther, in just 1-click, you’re able to pay your entire global team, anywhere in the world. We send you an invoice each month, charge you in US Dollars, and pay your employees the same amount in their local currency.

We factor in currency fluctuations and use the mid-market rate plus any applicable fee passed on by our provider at cost at the time of billing.

Ivory Coast

 Specific Information

Working Hours

The standard working hours in Ivory Coast is 40 hours a week or eight hours a day, Mondays to Fridays.

Overtime

Overtime is limited to 15 hours a week for both agricultural and non-agricultural workers without exceeding the daily limit of 3 hours per day.

The overtime is paid between 15% and 100% of the employee’s salary.

Payroll Tax

Employer

Employer

  • CNPS Retirement Fund
  • Family Allowances
  • Work Injury


Minimum Wage

Gabon's minimum wage is 150,000 CFA francs per month.

Payroll

Pay Cycle

The typical payroll cycle in Ivory Coast are typically paid on a monthly basis.

13th Salary

Employers in Ivory Coast may receive their bonus related to seniority, attendance or assiduity is required.

Leave

Paid Time Off (PTO)

Employees receive 24 days of annual leave, and this increases by two days after 15 years of service, four days for employees with 20 years of service, six days after 25 years and eight days after 30 years.

Public Holidays

There are 14 public holidays.

Sick Days

Employees in Ivory Coast are entitled to a minimum of five sick days per year.

Maternity Leave

Female employees  in the Ivory Coast typically includes 14 weeks’ leave.

Paternity Leave

Paternity leave is covered under family allowance leave, where the employee can take 10 days leave following the birth.

Parental Leave

No Info.

Other Leave

No Info.

Marriage Leave

No Info.

Bereavement Leave

No Info.

Termination

Termination Process

An employment contract may be terminated without notice and compensation by either of the parties during the probationary period.

Notice Period

Mandatory notice periods will vary depending on the seniority of the employee and the type of work they are engaged in,  but it’s generally between one and four months depending on length of service.

Severance Pay

Severance pay is typically 30-40% of normal monthly salary. Employers must pay severance to employees with more than one year of service who are discharged for reasons other than misconduct or gross negligence.

Probation Period

The probation period in Ivory Coast is:

  • 8 days for daily or hourly paid workers;
  • 1 month for monthly paid workers;
  • 2 months for supervisors, technicians and similar workers;